December 1, 2018

World AIDS day 1st December

Written by: Amina Noor (Punjab University College of Pharmacy)

What is AIDS:

                       Discriminating about people who are infected with HIV/AIDS or anyone thought to be at the risk of infection violates individual human rights and endangers public health. Every person infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS deserves compassion and support, regardless of the circumstances around their Infection. Education and awareness is crucial in getting this message out.


AIDS is the acronym of Acquired Immuno -deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease that can develop in people with HIV, a virus that damages the immune system. It is the most advanced stage of HIV. But just because a person has HIV doesn’t mean that they will develop AIDS.

HIV transmission:

                              Anyone can contract HIV. The virus is transmitted in bodily fluids that include:

  • Blood
  • Semen
  • Vaginal and rectal fluids
  • Breast milk
  • Through vaginal or anal sex
  • During pregnancy, labor, or delivery from a woman to her baby.
  • By sharing tattoo equipment without sterilizing in between uses
  • By sharing needles, syringes and other items for injection drug uses
  • Through exposure to the blood of someone living with HIV, such as through a needle stick.


HIV does not spread through:

  • Skin to skin contact
  • Hugging, shaking hand or kissing
  • Air or water
  • Sharing food or drinks

Causes of AIDS:

AIDS is caused by HIV (Human Immuno-deficiency Virus). A person can’t get AIDS, if they haven’t contacted with HIV.

The stages of HIV and AIDS are as follows:




                 Once you have been contracted with HIV, you will start facing the following symptoms.

Chronic stage consist of:

  • Diarrhea or other bowel changes
  • Fatigue
  • Fever
  • Loss of appetite or unexplained weight loss
  • Dry cough or shortness of breath
  • Night sweats
  • Swollen lymph nodes in neck or groin
  • Confusion, difficulty concentrating, personality changes
  • Repeated outbreaks of cold sore or genital herpes sires
  • Tingling, numbness, and weakness in the limbs
  • Mouth sores or a yeast infection of mouth

Treatment for AIDS:

                           Now the question arises how we can treat this syndrome. Here is the visual representation about treatment.

Preventive measures:

You can take preventive measures as well to deal with it.


I want to conclude this with a line:

You cannot die from AIDS, but you can die from AIDS related illness such as cancer.