November 13, 2018

“It’s not The End. It’s just Diabetes.”

Written By: Maria Imran Ali (Punjab University College of Pharmacy)


What is Diabetes?

A human body is said to be suffering from diabetes when he has a very high sugar/ glucose level. The World celebrates this day on 14th of November. “World Diabetes Day” is a global observance and not just a public holiday.


Every campaign has got some primary goals to achieve, so does diabetes. In our society, majority of us are neither physically healthy nor mentally good enough. Have we ever realized the cause behind it? Have we ever tried to exercise a change in our life style? Most of us, even do not bother to think about it. This is what needs to be changed. This is the thing we should be aware of i.e. the prevention and complications of certain diseases and how to manage a disease at its very early stage.


Let’s overview about Diabetes. It causes blood sugar level to exceed too high. There are two main types of diabetes. TYPE 1 (mostly develops in childhood) and TYPE 2 (and this is the most common existing type). Depending upon the severity and TYPE, diabetes is controlled by:

  • Dietary measures
  • Weight loss
  • Oral medications
  • Injected INSULIN*

There are various long and short term complications of diabetes including:

  • Foot (lower limb) problems
  • Eye problems
  • Vascular Diseases

It is estimated that one in five residents are at risk of developing diabetes at any stage of their lives.


*(Insulin is a natural hormone/ chemical messenger made by pancreas (organ) that controls the level of glucose in blood)


How to Diagnose?

There are certain symptoms that indicate the person is suffering from diabetes…

  • Increased Thirst
  • Frequent urination
  • Extreme Hunger
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue
  • Slow-healing sores
  • Blurred vision
  • Irritability


Risk Factors to develop Diabetes:

There are certain factors that increase the risk of diabetes. These are enlisted as:-

  • Weight (more the fatty tissues, the more resistant your cell becomes to insulin)
  • Inactivity
  • Family History
  • Age (Your risk increases as you get older)
  • Gestational Diabetes (If a female developed gestational diabetes when she was pregnant, the risk of developing Pre-diabetes and type 2 diabetes increases.)


Self management Therapy:

  • All you can do is to start exercises. It not only boosts up your metabolism but also upgrade your health.


  • Manage your diet plans
  • Eat healthy, stay healthy (Prefer unprocessed food like fruits etc)


Role of Pharmacists:

The pharmacists play a crucial role in health care team as they are the only persons who know minute detail about drugs. This will hopefully allow us to offer our patients more detailed assistance in their disease management and monitoring.As a quick reference there is a list below that we can provide in this particular matter basically;

  • Provide blood glucose meter and detailed instructions how to use it.
  • Insulin supplies. Testing supplies.
  • Know where the patient can go for further information. For instance, Diabetes education centers or websites
  • Provide information on their client’s diabetes medications and how to use them.